june 2012
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Seven Questions Over Breakfast with Emily Arnold McCully

By Jules

1It's a real pleasure to have Caldecott Medalist Emily Arnold McCully visiting 7-Imp today. At left is Emily pictured here, as a child, circa mid-1940s.

As she notes at the bio at her site, she was a daredevil girl, born in Illinois but raised in a New York City suburb. Her hero was John Muir. and she decided to be a naturalist one day, but instead she grew up to write and illustrate stories about fellow daredevil girls, lucky for us readers.

Throughout her career in children's literature, Emily hasn't stuck to only one style of illustrating. As you'll read below, she uses cartoon-like art for beginning reader titles and more dramatic pen-and-ink watercolors for her picture book biographies, many of them, as noted, about young girls or women. But, no matter the style in which she's working, she nails it--the emotional tone, that is. Whether she's raising the hairs on the backs of our necks in Eve Bunting's tales (Ballywhinney Girl and The Banshee), bringing to vivid life the stories of historical figures via her watercolors, both sweeping and delicate (The Escape of Oney Judge: Martha Washington's Slave Finds Freedom, for which she received the Jane Addams Children's Book Award, or Manjira: The Boy Who Risked His Life for Two Countries or making young, emerging readers laugh with the carefree art of her Grandma I Can Read chapter books, she's expertly creating atmosphere, putting to great use light and shadow and her shimmering watercolors to set a mood and tell a rich tale.

It was for her beautiful impressionistic paintings in Mirette on the High Wire that Emily won the 1993 Caldecott Medal, and she received the Christopher Award in 1985 for the splendid tale that is Picnic.

And it's been many years now I've enjoyed her books, along with my own children, so I thank her for taking the time to visit today. She has at least two new picture books already out this year (you'll see those 2012 titles and some art from them below), but since she's hard to keep up with, I may even have that wrong. And surely there's more to come this year.

Her breakfast of choice? Strong coffee, oatmeal, and an orange. I can do that, especially the strong coffee part. I'll set the table, while getting the basics from her, before seven questions over breakfast.

* * *

Jules: Are you an illustrator or author/illustrator?

Emily: Author/Illustrator.

Spread from Manjiro: The Boy Who Risked His Life for Two Countries
(Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2008)
(Click to enlarge)


Jules: Can you list your books-to-date?

Ballerina Swan by Allegra Kent

Ballywhinney Girl by Eve Bunting

Wonder Horse

The Secret Cave


Marvelous Mattie

The Escape of Oney Judge

Beautiful Warrior

The Ballot Box Battle

The Bobbin Girl

Mirette on the High Wire & sequels

Picnic, First Snow, School

The Grandma Mix-Up & sequels
...and many others.

"We found her in the bog, where she had lain so long. It was my grandpa, cutting turf for our kitchen fire, who found her. His spade lifted peat dirt from her face. He staggered back. 'Arragh!' he whispered. 'Maeve! I've found a dead boy buried in the bog. Murdered maybe, hidden here. I'm stupefied, I am! Run on home and tell your ma. Tell her to phone the Ballywhinney police. Go on now! Hurry, girl!'"
(Click to enlarge spread and see text)

"The neighbors all had come, alerted by my ma. My da was on his way, she said.He works in Lisnaglen. The police held the people back. Me and my grandpa were allowed to stay, as well we should be. We had found her. The men from Dublin placed our mummy in a box, moving her with care because her bones were thin as glass. That's what they told us. They packed fat wadding round her so she could not slide and break. 'Where are you taking her?' I asked. 'We'll take her to the lab in Dublin, where they'll do some tests: X-rays and scans. They'll let us know.'"
(Click to enlarge spread and see text)

"I pictured her, so long ago, dressing herself and putting on the cloak her mother made. Was she on her way to school? And did she take a shortcut through the bog? Would there be schools away back then? 'They found some flowers beside her,' the sergeant said. He took another sip of tea. 'Stalks like sticks, and petals see-through clear. They think that they were lupin and wild roses, the kind that line the lanes of Ballywhinney.' I saw her dawdling along the lanes the way I do. I heard her singing as she walked."
(Click to enlarge spread and see text)

Spreads from Eve Bunting's Ballywhinney Girl (Clarion, March 2012)

emilyJules: What is your usual medium, or--if you use a variety--your preferred one?

Emily: Watercolor, often with pen and ink.

Jules: If you have illustrated for various age ranges (such as, both picture books and early reader books OR, say, picture books and chapter books), can you briefly discuss the differences, if any, in illustrating for one age group to another?

Emily: The differences between illustrating for younger and older children is mostly in the medium. Picture books are a unique form--a delivery system for telling a story with words and images, whose dimensions are fairly large. Full color is used (although not when I started out!). The text should not overlap with the pictures--but rather carry necessary information that cannot be conveyed by the pictures.

Story books usually have black and white pictures that depict incidents and characters, which are described in the text as well. I have used more of a cartoon style for my Grandma I Can Read. But other story books were drawn the same way many of my picture books are.


9Jules: Where are your stompin' grounds?

Emily (pictured at right with her son): I live in New York City and get to spend the summer in Austerlitz, NY, up the Hudson River about two and a half hours. It’s beautiful!

Jules: Can you briefly tell me about your road to publication?

Emily: My ambition was to become an adult novelist--and I succeeded in the '80s. During the long writing periods, I supported myself by doing illustrations for book jackets, magazines, pharmaceutical ads, and so forth. I was asked by a radio station to design a poster for the subway, depicting children playing. I did three versions, and a week after the first went up, a subway strike was called. A children’s book editor happened to see that poster during its little window of life and tracked me down to see if I’d like to illustrate a book. Of course, I did. It led to another, then another, and so on. (All pre-separated, in those days).

Jules: Can you please point readers to your web site and/or blog?

Emily: emilyarnoldmccully.com.

Title page illustration

Glossary spread (without text)

"One day Sophie flew to the window ledge for a better look. The children stopped dancing and went to get a better look too."

"When the new teacher discovered the swan in her studio, Sophie braced herself for what she thought would be coming."

"After that Sophie went to class every day. She learned that some things came very easily to her, and other things were difficult. Because of her long, graceful neck, she was very good at épaulement. But as she had wings instead of arms, port de bras was a challenge. Because of her webbed feet, Sophie had to work extra hard on turnout. But she was very good at grand jeté.

Spreads from Allegra Kent's Ballerina Swan(Holiday House, March 2012)

Jules: If you do school visits, tell me what they're like.

Emily: I used to visit schools. I did mad things, such as offer to draw portraits of any children with birthdays that week. Sometimes several would present themselves--and sometimes twins. My talk included an interactive segment showing how pictures further a narrative. I also showed slides of my process and, of course, answered questions. The emphasis always was on narrative, which increasingly takes a back seat to "concept" and "reality," not to mention silliness.

I believe that narrative uniquely fosters empathy and even intelligence and is an essential human impulse. Introducing it to children via the picture book is a necessary mission.

Spreads and cover from Marion Dane Bauer's In Like a Lion, Out Like a Lamb (Holiday House, 2011)

Jules: Any new titles/projects you might be working on now that you can tell me about?

21Emily: I am writing two YA books at present: One is a biography of Ida M. Tarbell, the great muckraking journalist and historian. She lived in an era distressingly like our own and was tireless in exposing its greed and corruption fairly and thoroughly.

The other is a fictionalized life of Sacagawea?s mixed blood son, Jean Baptiste Charbonneau, who was educated in St. Louis and taken to live in Europe by a German prince before returning to America and taking part in every facet of Manifest Destiny, albeit in ways limited by the color of his skin.

The picture book I?m working on is about Strongheart, the first movie star dog. Trained as a supremely disciplined police dog in Germany, he was taught to play and then to act by a movie director. He took Americans by storm in the '20s and paved the way for Rin Tin Tin.

And I’m writing and illustrating several amusing titles for a new early reader series from Holiday House.

Click to enlarge
Illustrations from Kim Zarins' upcoming The Helpful Puppy
(Holiday House, September 2012)

26Okay, coffee's on the table, and it's time to get a bit more detailed with seven questions over breakfast. I thank Emily again for visiting 7-Imp.

1. What exactly is your process when you are illustrating a book? You can start wherever you'd like when answering: getting initial ideas, starting to illustrate, or even what it's like under deadline, etc. Do you outline a great deal of the book before you illustrate or just let your muse lead you on and see where you end up?

Emily: Many of my ideas come from reading history books, which is one of my favorite pastimes. I have always been fascinated by the past and by imagining what life was like in some distant period.

Once I find a subject, I turn it into a story, which means isolating part of it and setting up stakes. There has to be suspense, and characters must change. I don’t usually think about pictures until the text is fixed. (Mirette was an exception--it was written in the dummy.)


Sketches from Mirette on the High Wire (1993 Caldecott Medal winner, published by Putnam)

Rejected Mirette image (Click to enlarge)

I print out the text and divide it up into pages, mindful of how the story is driven forward: where there should be dramatic pauses on double-page spreads, where more information can be conveyed in spots, how to build to the climax and then provide an extra fillip on p. 32. I will have imagined how the characters look or done the necessary research. The setting is crucial and involves research, whether the story is nonfiction, fictionalized history, or an invention.

(Click to enlarge)


Sketches, spread, and cover from Picnic (HarperCollins, 1984)

I make a dummy and shift pictures and text around as needed. I cut up sketches on tissue paper and tape them down. This is where I can tell, because there are actual pages, whether a reader will be prompted to turn them to find out what happens. The story is like a little movie that, instead of being projected, requires the active participation of the reader, and that has to be elicited by me.

When the dummy has been approved (and there will have been many revisions after editorial input), I paint the finishes. Since I am self-taught and like to draw best, I make black and white drawings on tracing paper, then put them on a light board and trace lightly onto watercolor paper so that I have a guide for the painting. My main aim is to preserve spontaneity and movement in the pictures--dramatic moments captured in flight. I don’t want to overwork the art, and I am not at all meticulous, as illustrators often are.


2. Describe your studio or usual work space.

Emily: I work in a corner of a bedroom in NY, in front of big windows facing south. The blinds have to be drawn many days, because it’s so bright. But I would not trade the drama.

Work table
(Click to enlarge)

Emily's library

In the country, I work in a basement room cut into in a hillside. I can look out onto my perennial garden and across it to distant mountains. For breaks, I step outdoors to pick weeds.

3. As a book lover, it interests me: What books or authors and/or illustrators influenced you as an early reader?

Drawing, third grade

Emily: When I was little, my mother read every day to my sister and me. We adored poetry, Ferdinand the bull, Dr. Seuss’s earliest books, Stuart Little, Mary Poppins.

By 8 or 9, I wanted adventure and information about how the world worked. That meant books about boys in those days (and it’s why I have created so many stories about brave, persevering girls).

Cover art for The Beautiful Warrior: The Legend of the Nun's Kung Fu (Arthur A. Levine Books, 1998)

Illustration and cover from Marvelous Mattie: How Margaret E. Knight Became an Inventor Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2006)

I read John R. Tunis about athletes and Howard Pease about boys who ran off to sea. I loved Robert Louis Stevenson, Freddy the Detective, Emil and the Detectives. For a year or so, I devoured Grimms' fairy tales . I was a voracious reader--too many books to list!

I worshipped Ernest Shepard, Tenniel, and Wyeth. I was a great fan of the Ashcan School of American painters and Winslow Homer. Still love to look at all of them.


4. If you could have three (living) authors or illustrators--whom you have not yet met--over for coffee or a glass of rich, red wine, whom would you choose?

53Emily: Maira Kalman, David Levine, Edward Lear.

If the two dead ones can’t make it, Douglas Florian and Barry Blitt, R. Caldecott.

[Ed. Note: Pictured right is a cutting from a spread from Eve Bunting's Ballywhinney Girl.]

5. What is currently in rotation on your iPod or loaded in your CD player? Do you listen to music while you create books?

Emily: I love to listen to Schubert and Mozart or jazz and much else. But I;m afraid what’s usually on is NPR. I am a political junkie.

Sketch and cover from Wonder Horse:: The True Story of the World's Smartest Horse (Henry Holt, 2010)

6. What's one thing that most people don't know about you?

Emily: That, while introverted, I am also stagestruck.


7. Is there something you wish interviewers would ask you--but never do? Feel free to ask and respond here.

Emily: "May I please read your out-of-print novels?"


Jacket art from Eileen Spinelli's What Do Angels Wear? (HarperCollins, 2003)

BALLYWHINNEY GIRL. Copyright (c) 2012 by Eve Bunting. Illustration copyright (c) 2012 Emily Arnold McCully. Published by Clarion Books/Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston, MA. Spreads used with permission of publisher.

BALLERINA SWAN. Copyright (c) 2012 by Allegra Kent. Illustration copyright (c) 2012 Emily Arnold McCully. Published by Holiday House, New York. Spreads used with permission of Ms. McCully.

All other artwork and images used with permission of Emily Arnold McCully.

This and many more of Jules's adventures in books, kids' lit and illustration can be found at her acclaimed blog, Seven Impossible Things Before Breakfast. Visit often. You will be rewarded manifold for doing so.




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